Bungalows were a popular builder’s house from 1900 through the 1940s as the style was promoted in many pattern books, catalogs and magazines. Some identifying features of the Bungalow style are a low-pitched or gabled roof with wide overhanging eaves, exposed rafters and decorative brackets under front or side gables. There are usually a large number of windows with 4-over-1 or 6-over-1 sash patterns, frequently with stained or leaded glass inserts. In addition, there is often an incised porch and tapered square columns that support the roof. Buildings were constructed with a mix of materials, with hand crafted stone or woodwork commonly employed.
A Chicago Bungalow exhibits the same characteristics as the traditional Bungalow but is constructed with brick. Ornamentation typically includes stone planters and brackets, stone accents, exterior wood moldings and trim. While the Bungalow is hailed as a true American house because of its practicality, simplicity, and openness, the roots of the Bungalow have been traced back to the Indian province of Bengal. In India during the 18th century, the British adapted the local one-story huts with thatched roofs and in the 19th century, the “banga” or bungalow’s economy of space and simplicity inspired English architects during the Arts and Crafts movement. This movement was further enhanced by Gustav Stickley and Greene & Greene Architects in the United States, who both used extensive wood detailing within the structure and in the furniture.