The American Craftsman style swept through the US at the turn of the century. Derived from the English Arts & Crafts movement of the 1860s, Craftsman homes introduced new ideas that made everyday life simpler. Extremely popular in the Chicago area from the 1900s to the 1940s, this style emphasized diamond paned windows with stained or leaded glass, low pitched roofs with wide overhangs, open roof eaves, exposed rafter ends, decorative under eave brackets and built-in furniture. The main roof usually extended over a deep front porch with tapered or square piers.