Foursquare

The Foursquare is a post-Victorian style that was popular from around 1910 through the 1940s and has many features in common with Frank Lloyd Wright’s Prairie style architecture. Identifying features include a square  box shape , a low hipped or pyramidal roof with wide overhangs and exposed rafter tails or decorative beams and braces under the gables, and a full width porch that sometimes wraps around the house.  Buildings are typically 2-1/2 stories with a full basement, three square rooms and an entrance hall on the first floor, four square rooms on the second floor, and a centered dormer in an unfinished attic. Foursquares were often built on narrow lots on small city blocks because their boxy shape provided relatively spacious interiors. Some Foursquares have centered doors with equal groupings of windows on either side and the exterior is most often wood but is sometimes brick, concrete, or stucco. Finally, a belt course just below the second story windows separates the different building materials used for the first and second floors. Some Foursquare houses have been adorned with Queen Anne bay windows; Colonial Revival pediments or porticos; and the Craftsman’s exposed roof rafters.