Prairie

Prairie is one of the few homegrown American styles and was developed in Chicago by the Prairie School architects, most notably Frank Lloyd Wright, in the 1900s-1910s. Wright drew his inspiration from the Midwest, using broad, horizontal forms to represent the expansive prairies. This style also makes subtle use of Japanese architecture, specifically the use of horizontal forms, free-flowing interior spaces, hipped roofs with broad eaves, and long bands of windows that invoke the idea of Japanese screens.  Identifying features of the Prairie style include low-pitched roofs and two story structures with one-story wings or porches. The eaves, cornices, and bands of casement windows emphasize the horizontal lines of the house. This style is marked by seamless transitions between indoors and out and designs also include a large, low height chimney that forms the hub of the house. A much more common variant of the Prairie style is the Foursquare.